History of Chair Design

Chairs No other type of furniture offers the possibilities of making and facilitating connections in the same way or to the same extent. Necessarily functional, chairs over the centuries have been subject to design styles that closely reflect both social phenomena both politically and financially and artistic tastes of different cultures. The widening of communicatins around the world and the rapid development of manmade materials during the course of the last two centures have radically quickened the pace of change, but throughout time it is individual craftsman and innovators who have played an essential role in refining and reassesing chair design.

​Carving was the main form of decoration and continued to be so in the Gothic architectural movement and the Italian renaissance. The Baroque movement which started in Italy continued the penchant for carving and the gilded and ornate work were the precurseors of the Rococo movement. The early 1700 century brought the English Chippendale and Queen Anne chairs with rich embroidered fabrics vs the wooden seats. The industrial revolution of the 1950’s brought the modernism movement and dawn of the chair as sculpural art pieces as seen in James Eames lounge chair and Arne Jacobsen’s famous egg chair. The ubiquitous egg chair was crafted for his SAS Royal Hotel in Copenhagen, the city’s first skyscraper!

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